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Repetition of Line





The Cathedral of Sainte Chapelle, Paris is given a soaring upward thrust by the use of repeating vertical lines terminating in graceful arcs under the roof.


The hundreds of long vertical supports separating the panels of stained glass give the building a delicate, almost floating appearance from inside. Horizontal lines in the stained glass panels have been kept as thin as possible so as not to interrupt the soaring upward movement.

Sainte-Chapelle, Paris showing Repetition of Line © John Lovett

Sainte-Chapelle, Paris (1242-1248)


The repeating lines on this Zebra have evolved to offer maximum protection to the animal. Camouflage usually makes an animal blend into it’s environment but these repeating lines may serve better by confusing predators.


Similar stripes were used as camouflage on battle ships during WWI. Known as Dazzle Camouflage, it was designed by marine artist Norman Wilkinson to disguise a ships distance speed and direction, making it a more difficult target.

Zebra Stripes demonstrating Repetition of Line   © John Lovett

Zebra – Complex confusing stripes

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