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Harmony of Direction





Klimt has used a variety of wavering vertical lines contrasting with a single, distant horizontal line to develop this curtain like veil of birch trees. The composition is very simple and held together by the strong, harmonious, vertical direction.

To create the shimmering effect of light spilling through the curtain of trees, Klimt has used tiny patches of raw color. Strong orange, red and Ultramarine visually blend to create a glistening, animated feeling of dappled light, aided by the warm/cool color balance. (click to magnify)

Gustav Klimt [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Gustave Klimt (1862-1918) “Beech Grove” (1902)



The pattern of fish, in the swirling mass of a large school, display a rhythmic harmony of direction. Individual members of the school simultaneously change course producing the effect of a single, fluid shaped organism moving through the water.

School of fish showing harmony of direction   © John Lovett

Harmony of Direction

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